woojean的博客 模仿、熟练、超越

部署Phalcon+Laravel+React混合项目执行环境

2017-04-05

前置信息

我们做的一个小项目由以下3个模块组成:

1.后端接口模块

基于Phalcon框架实现,并使用了一些其他的PHP扩展。Redis服务自己搭建,MySQL使用阿里云提供的RDS服务,此外还使用了阿里云提供的消息队列、OSS等服务。

2.H5前端UI模块

H5前端项目基于React框架实现,UI库使用微信提供的WeiUI。

3.后台管理系统

后台管理系统的后台部分使用Laravel框架实现,前端使用React,UI库使用AdminLTE(一个bower库)

本文所要实现的就是在一台空机器上配置以上3部分项目执行所需的环境。

VPC

==================================================================

创建

华东2; deploy_2017 192.168.0.0/16

创建交换机

deploy_switch_online_01 192.168.1.0/24 => 192.168.1.1 ~ 192.168.1.254 / 255.255.255.0

SLB

==================================================================

配置

@todo

ECS

==================================================================

申请

地域:华东2; 网络:专有网络;deploy_2017;deploy_switch_online_01; 网络:经典网络,默认安全组 实例:略 带宽:略 镜像:CentOS 6.8,64位 存储:40G系统盘,无数据盘; 用户数据:略; 安全设置:略;

安全组设置出入规则限制

略。

输出

106.14.26.249 root **

初始化

1.准备目录

mkdir -p /data/www /data/log /data/extend

2.安装Git

yum install git

PHP

==================================================================

清理现有安装

yum list installed | grep php

如果有则删除:

sudo yum remove php55w.x86_64 php55w-bcmath.x86_64 php55w-cli.x86_64 php55w-common.x86_64 php55w-devel.x86_64 php55w-fpm.x86_64 php55w-gd.x86_64 php55w-imap.x86_64 php55w-intl.x86_64 php55w-ldap.x86_64 php55w-mbstring.x86_64 php55w-mcrypt.x86_64 php55w-mysql.x86_64 php55w-odbc.x86_64 php55w-opcache.x86_64 php55w-pdo.x86_64 php55w-pear.noarch php55w-pecl-igbinary.x86_64 php55w-pecl-memcache.x86_64 php55w-process.x86_64 php55w-xml.x86_64 php55w-xmlrpc.x86_64

安装PHP5.6及常用扩展

添加解析路径:vi /etc/resolv.conf,添加: nameserver 8.8.8.8

rpm -Uvh http://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el6/latest.rpm

sudo yum install -y php56w  php56w-bcmath php56w-cli php56w-common  php56w-devel php56w-fpm    php56w-gd php56w-imap  php56w-ldap php56w-mbstring php56w-mcrypt php56w-mysql   php56w-odbc   php56w-pdo   php56w-pear  php56w-pecl-igbinary  php56w-xml php56w-xmlrpc php56w-opcache php56w-intl

如果yum变成僵尸进程,kill -9杀不掉,则需要找到并杀死它的父进程:

ps -ef | grep defunct_process_pid

输出

[root@iZuf6cbroi7rj1zjydjruoZ data]# php -v
PHP 5.6.29 (cli) (built: Dec 10 2016 13:02:08)
Copyright (c) 1997-2016 The PHP Group
Zend Engine v2.6.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2016 Zend Technologies
    with Zend OPcache v7.0.6-dev, Copyright (c) 1999-2016, by Zend Technologies

Tengine

==================================================================

先安装OpenSSL

yum -y install openssl openssl-devel

再安装tengine:

cd /data/extend
wget https://github.com/alibaba/tengine/archive/tengine-2.2.0.tar.gz
tar -xvf tengine-2.2.0.tar.gz
mv tengine-tengine-2.2.0/ tengine
cd tengine
./configure
make & make install

输出

[root@iZuf6cbroi7rj1zjydjruoZ tengine]# /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -v
Tengine version: Tengine/2.2.0 (nginx/1.8.1)

建立软链接:

ln -s /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx /usr/bin/nginx

MySQL

==================================================================

设置白名单

略。

创建高权限账号

略。

@temp

输出

host = rm-bp12bu4qv8v6x3k5k.mysql.rds.aliyuncs.com username = deploy2017 password = ** dbname = *** port = 3306

PHP-FPM

================================================================== 在安装PHP的时候已安装php56w-fpm。

输出

[root@iZuf6cbroi7rj1zjydjruoZ ~]# whereis php-fpm
php-fpm: /usr/sbin/php-fpm /etc/php-fpm.d /etc/php-fpm.conf /usr/share/man/man8/php-fpm.8.gz

Redis

==================================================================

安装

@temp 实际应该使用集群

cd /data/extend/
wget http://download.redis.io/releases/redis-3.2.8.tar.gz
tar -xvf redis-3.2.8.tar.gz
mv redis-3.2.8 redis
cd redis
make MALLOC=libc  # 否则默认使用jemalloc,因为没有安装,会报错
make install

输出

[root@iZuf6cbroi7rj1zjydjruoZ redis]# redis-server
9023:C 25 Jan 16:57:10.613 # Warning: no config file specified, using the default config. In order to specify a config file use redis-server /path/to/redis.conf

[root@iZuf6cbroi7rj1zjydjruoZ redis]# whereis redis-cli
redis-cli: /usr/local/bin/redis-cli

配置

cp /data/extend/redis/redis.conf /etc/redis.conf
vi /etc/redis.conf

1.开启redis密码

requirepass ******

2.远程访问

bind 0.0.0.0

注意,另有一处bind 127.0.0.1需要注释

3.关闭保护模式

protected-mode no

输出

[root@iZuf6cbroi7rj1zjydjruoZ redis]# nohup redis-server /etc/redis.conf &
[root@iZuf6cbroi7rj1zjydjruoZ redis]# netstat -lntp | grep 6379
tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:6379              0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      9053/redis-server 1
[root@iZuf6cbroi7rj1zjydjruoZ redis]# redis-cli -h 127.0.0.1 -p 6379 -a ******
127.0.0.1:6379> keys *
(empty list or set)
127.0.0.1:6379> set k v
OK
127.0.0.1:6379> keys *
1) "k"

OSS

================================================================== 华东2,公共读

绑定域名

1.在bucket下添加域名 oss.woojean.com 2.到域名解析后台,添加CNAME解析:oss => deploy2017.oss-cn-shanghai.aliyuncs.com

输出

server = http://oss-cn-shanghai.aliyuncs.com server_internal = http://oss-cn-shanghai-internal.aliyuncs.com access_key_id = ** access_key_secret = ** bucket = deploy2017 cdn = http://oss.woojean.com/

PHP-Extention

==================================================================

phalcon

cd /data/extend/
wget https://github.com/phalcon/cphalcon/archive/v3.0.0.tar.gz
tar -xvf v3.0.0.tar.gz
cd /data/extend/cphalcon-3.0.0/build/php5/64bits
sudo phpize
sudo ./configure
sudo make & make install

编译生成的phalcon.so文件位置:/usr/lib64/php/modules

vi /etc/php.d/phalcon.ini
extension=phalcon.so
php -i | grep phalcon

seaslog

cd /data/extend/
wget https://github.com/Neeke/SeasLog/archive/SeasLog-1.6.8.tar.gz
tar -xvf SeasLog-1.6.8.tar.gz
cd SeasLog-SeasLog-1.6.8/
sudo phpize
sudo ./configure
sudo make & make install

vi /etc/php.d/seaslog.ini
extension=seaslog.so
php -i | grep seaslog

phpredis

cd /data/extend/
wget https://github.com/phpredis/phpredis/archive/3.1.0.tar.gz
tar -xvf 3.1.0.tar.gz
cd phpredis-3.1.0/
sudo phpize
sudo ./configure
sudo make && make install

vi /etc/php.d/redis.ini
extension=redis.so

node

==================================================================

安装

node的编译安装依赖巨多,甚至依赖python版本,所以直接使用二进制文件.

cd /data/extend/
wget https://nodejs.org/dist/v4.2.2/node-v4.2.2-linux-x64.tar.gz
tar -xvf node-v4.2.2-linux-x64.tar.gz

ln -s /data/extend/node-v4.2.2-linux-x64/bin/node /usr/bin/node
ln -s /data/extend/node-v4.2.2-linux-x64/bin/npm /usr/bin/npm
npm config set registry https://registry.npm.taobao.org  

输出

[root@iZuf6cbroi7rj1zjydjruoZ extend]# node -v
v4.2.2
[root@iZuf6cbroi7rj1zjydjruoZ extend]# npm -v
2.14.7

webpack

==================================================================

安装

npm install webpack -g
ln -s /data/extend/node-v4.2.2-linux-x64/lib/node_modules/webpack/bin/webpack.js /usr/bin/webpack

输出

[root@iZuf6cbroi7rj1zjydjruoZ extend]# webpack -v
webpack 1.14.0
...

bower

==================================================================

npm install -g bower
ln -s /data/extend/node-v4.2.2-linux-x64/lib/node_modules/bower/bin/bower /usr/bin/bower

输出

[root@iZuf6cbroi7rj1zjydjruoZ deploy]# bower -v
1.8.0

composer

==================================================================

安装

cd /data/extend/
wget https://getcomposer.org/download/1.3.1/composer.phar
cp /data/extend/composer.phar /usr/bin/composer
chmod u+x /usr/bin/composer

composer config -g repo.packagist composer https://packagist.phpcomposer.com

输出

composer -v
Composer version 1.3.1 2017-01-07 18:08:51

git

==================================================================

将部署账号添加到git项目

Settings/Collaborators/Add

配置公钥

root@iZuf6a6ydemt9fvgy22rcqZ ~]# ssh-keygen -t rsa -C "floodwu@qq.com"
Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/root/.ssh/id_rsa): 【回车】
Created directory '/root/.ssh'.
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): 【回车】
Enter same passphrase again: 【回车】
Your identification has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
16:d2:ed:a3:3e:65:48:fe:cc:dc:1e:e9:3f:92:3e:47 floodwu@qq.com

拷贝公钥内容,添加到git部署账号的ssh key设置中:

cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub
ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAABIwAAAQEAplElkn+tOaO4rVYq7UhnL4Hx9x+G/M5PJX6DLM6f5J/zpJizcEC3KMcJPX8AjcjSrciNYg1DCHucqgxyvAGCOS8THIJQfhrvyG+Xx4935OIrXU5oSPaxW65vKGtFRHgq8AA/wTxim3av+db/uV/WRDV+hbZ1wui4IWfrcp1rfTUszMM3uB1qLCJMOMLYIAK3Sod7QPjGCTob9mn1i7N5cBQEdIDNcI/yIjJEt/cqSWMgF4LSDn3rn8+YnZPkAo9j8D3f8F1AxzYTwbJ4JXg+xLWCSD4hvNGhNus8N/5kBoe8oKzdCBbNw3DqY7aeYxLLIb+zw8nUlQrm3Mia9qHKgQ== floodwu@qq.com

测试:
[root@iZuf6cbroi7rj1zjydjruoZ ~]# ssh -T git@github.com
Hi deploy2017! You've successfully authenticated, but GitHub does not provide shell access.

chmod 0600 ~/.ssh/id_rsa

设置git用户和token

git config --global user.name "deploy2017"
git config --global user.email "floodwu@qq.com"
git config --global github.user deploy2017
git config --global github.token ******  # Personal access tokens

拉代码

cd /data/www
git clone git@github.com:woojean/deploy.git

初始化数据库

Create_db_deploy.sql

初始化代码配置

laravel-react:

cp .env.example .env
cp composer.json.example composer.json
cp package.json.example package.json
cp webpack.config.js.example webpack.config.js

composer install
sudo bower install --allow-root  # npm run build时会copy

npm install --verbose # 不能用sudo,否则不会安装在当前目录下
npm install --verbose --dev # 否则babel不可用

vi .env

APP_ENV=prod
APP_DEBUG=false
...
KD_HOST=http://phalcon.woojean.com
JAVASCRIPT_BUNDLE=http://laravel-react.woojean.com/build/js/

初始化数据库,并填充管理员信息(需要事先修改.env中的数据库配置):

CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS db_laravel_react
  DEFAULT CHARSET utf8mb4
  COLLATE utf8mb4_unicode_ci;

php artisan migrate
php artisan db:seed

php artisan migrate:reset       // 回滚所有
php artisan migrate:rollback    // 回滚最近一次

phalcon:

cp config.ini.example config.ini
cp composer.json.example composer.json

composer install

vi config.ini

mode = production

react:

cp package.json.example package.json
cp webpack.config.js.example webpack.config.js

npm cache clean
npm install --verbose
npm update
npm install --cache-min Infinity  # 从cache安装 cache位置: ~/.npm

npm install --dev --verbose # 否则babel不可用

@todo 修改webpack生成asset.ini的路径

修改前端环境变量

vi ~/.bashrc
export NODE_ENV=production
source ~/.bashrc

当NODE_ENV被设置为production后,npm install将不会安装devDependencies中的内容.如果需要更新devDependencies中的包,可以临时指定环境变量并执行:

export NODE_ENV=production
npm install --save

vhost

==================================================================

创建www用户

groupadd www
useradd -g www www

配置tengine

vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

user  www www;
worker_processes  auto;
error_log  /data/log/error.log  notice;

pid /var/run/nginx.pid;  # write

events {
    use epoll;
    worker_connections 65535;
}

http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;
    log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                      '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                      '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"'
                      '$connection $upstream_addr '
                      'upstream_response_time $upstream_response_time request_time $request_time ';
    access_log  /data/log/access.log  main;

    server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;
    client_header_buffer_size 32k;
    large_client_header_buffers 4 32k;
    client_max_body_size 50m;

    charset utf-8;

    sendfile    on;
    tcp_nopush  on;
    tcp_nodelay on;

    keepalive_timeout  65;

    #php config
    fastcgi_connect_timeout 300;
    fastcgi_read_timeout    300;
    fastcgi_send_timeout    300;
    fastcgi_buffer_size 256k;
    fastcgi_buffers 6 256k;
    fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 256k;
    fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 256k;
    fastcgi_intercept_errors on;

    gzip on;
    gzip_min_length   1k;
    gzip_buffers      4 16k;
    gzip_http_version 1.0;
    gzip_comp_level   2;
    gzip_types        text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml;
    gzip_vary on;

    include conf.d/*.conf;
}

配置php-fpm

vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/fastcgi.conf

fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME    $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param  QUERY_STRING       $query_string;
fastcgi_param  REQUEST_METHOD     $request_method;
fastcgi_param  CONTENT_TYPE       $content_type;
fastcgi_param  CONTENT_LENGTH     $content_length;

fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_NAME        $fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param  REQUEST_URI        $request_uri;
fastcgi_param  DOCUMENT_URI       $document_uri;
fastcgi_param  DOCUMENT_ROOT      $document_root;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_PROTOCOL    $server_protocol;
fastcgi_param  HTTPS              $https if_not_empty;

fastcgi_param  GATEWAY_INTERFACE  CGI/1.1;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_SOFTWARE    nginx/$nginx_version;

fastcgi_param  REMOTE_ADDR        $remote_addr;
fastcgi_param  REMOTE_PORT        $remote_port;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_ADDR        $server_addr;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_PORT        $server_port;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_NAME        $server_name;

 # PHP only, required if PHP was built with --enable-force-cgi-redirect
fastcgi_param  REDIRECT_STATUS    200;

vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/fastcgi_params

fastcgi_param  QUERY_STRING       $query_string;
fastcgi_param  REQUEST_METHOD     $request_method;
fastcgi_param  CONTENT_TYPE       $content_type;
fastcgi_param  CONTENT_LENGTH     $content_length;

fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_NAME        $fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param  REQUEST_URI        $request_uri;
fastcgi_param  DOCUMENT_URI       $document_uri;
fastcgi_param  DOCUMENT_ROOT      $document_root;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_PROTOCOL    $server_protocol;
fastcgi_param  HTTPS              $https if_not_empty;

fastcgi_param  GATEWAY_INTERFACE  CGI/1.1;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_SOFTWARE    nginx/$nginx_version;

fastcgi_param  REMOTE_ADDR        $remote_addr;
fastcgi_param  REMOTE_PORT        $remote_port;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_ADDR        $server_addr;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_PORT        $server_port;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_NAME        $server_name;

 # PHP only, required if PHP was built with --enable-force-cgi-redirect
fastcgi_param  REDIRECT_STATUS    200;

配置项目虚拟主机

mkdir /usr/local/nginx/conf/conf.d

laravel-react:

mkdir /data/log/laravel-react

vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/conf.d/laravel-react.conf

server {
    listen  80;
    server_name laravel-react.woojean.com;
    root  /data/www/deploy/DemoProjects/laravel-react/public/;
    index  index.php index.html;
    charset utf-8;
    client_max_body_size 50m;
    error_log  /data/log/laravel-react/error.log;
    access_log /data/log/laravel-react/access.log main;
    add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN";

    if  ( !-f $request_filename ) {
        rewrite /(.*) /index.php last;
    }

    location ~ \.php {
        fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(.*)$;
        fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
        fastcgi_param PATH_TRANSLATED $document_root$fastcgi_path_info;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        include fastcgi_params;
    }

    location ~ ^/status$ {
        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    }
}

phalcon:

mkdir /data/log/phalcon

vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/conf.d/phalcon.conf

server {
    listen  80;
    server_name phalcon.woojean.com;
    root  /data/www/deploy/DemoProjects/phalcon/public/;
    index  index.php index.html;
    charset utf-8;
    client_max_body_size 50m;
    error_log  /data/log/phalcon/error.log;
    access_log /data/log/phalcon/access.log main;
    add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN";

    if  ( !-f $request_filename ) {
        rewrite /(.*) /index.php last;
    }

    location ~ \.php {
        fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(.*)$;
        fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
        fastcgi_param PATH_TRANSLATED $document_root$fastcgi_path_info;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        include fastcgi_params;
    }

    location ~ ^/status$ {
        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    }
}

初始化一个asset.ini文件,否则di注册时会报异常,网站无法访问。

touch /data/www/deploy/DemoProjects/phalcon/assets.ini

react:

mkdir /data/log/react

vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/conf.d/react.conf

server {
    listen  80;
    server_name react.woojean.com;
    root  /data/www/deploy/DemoProjects/phalcon/public/;
    index  index.php index.html;
    charset utf-8;
    client_max_body_size 50m;
    error_log  /data/log/react/error.log;
    access_log /data/log/react/access.log main;
    add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN";

    if  ( !-f $request_filename ) {
        rewrite /(.*) /index.php last;
    }

    location ~ \.php {
        fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(.*)$;
        fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
        fastcgi_param PATH_TRANSLATED $document_root$fastcgi_path_info;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        include fastcgi_params;
    }

    location ~ ^/status$ {
        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    }
}

host

vi /etc/hosts

0.0.0.0 laravel-react.woojean.com
0.0.0.0 phalcon.woojean.com
0.0.0.0 react.woojean.com

domain

================================================================== A记录,略.

测试

phalcon.woojean.com/test/ok


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